The control of drugs, food and cosmetics In Nigeria is vested in the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) . The agency was established by Decree No. 15 of 1993 as amended by Decree No. 19 of 1999 and now the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control Act Cap N1 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria (LFN) 2004 to regulate and control the manufacture, importation, exportation, distribution, advertisement, sale and use of Food, Drugs, Cosmetics, Medical Devices, Packaged Water, Chemicals and Detergents (collectively known as regulated products). The agency was officially established in October 1999. The Mission of the agency is to safeguard public health by ensuring that only the right quality drugs, food and other regulated products are manufactured, imported, distributed, advertised, sold and used in Nigeria. The following are list of banned or restricted drugs, food and cosmetics in Nigeria:
This is a pain-killer .
Reason for ban: Bone marrow depression.
Brand name: Novalgin
Reason for ban : irregular heartbeat
Brand name : Ciza, Syspride
Reason for ban : Irregular heartbeat.
Brand name : Droperol
Reason for ban : Cancer.
Brand name : Furoxone, Lomofen
Reason for ban : Liver failure.
Brand name : Nise, Nimulid
Reason for ban : Cancer.
Brand name : Furacin
Reason for ban : Cancer.
Brand name : Agarol
cold and cough.
Reason for ban : stroke.
Brand name : D’cold , Vicks Action-500, Procold etc.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug.
Reason for ban : Bone marrow depression.
Brand name : Sioril, Buta etc.,
Reason for ban : Nerve damage.
Brand name : Piperazine
Reason for ban : Damage to sight.
Brand name : Enteroquinol.
Controlled drugs that are prohibited from being imported into the country are as follows:
All drugs prohibited by ministerial Administrative Regulation eg. Phenylbutazone
Drugs and chemicals which will require authorization and permits to import and to clear fromNAFDAC before importation.
Bulk Narcotics (for end user manufacturers e.g. codeine pholocodenine only) finished
Narcotics can only be imported by Federal Ministry of Health.
- All benzodiazepines e.g.
– Midazolam etc
– Thiopentone sodium e.t.c
- Tricyclic antidepressants
e.g. imipramine, clomipramine, Amytryptilline e.t.c
- Other controlled drugs
Saccharin (for toothpaste manufacturers only)
Aminopyrine and Dipyrone
Metallic and Its compounds
Xenazoic acid or Xenalamine
Cyclamates, Cyclohexylemine and their derivatives
Chloramphenicol and its preparations
Ephedrine and its salt
- Controlled solvents chemical substance that required permits to import and to clear
– Acetic Anhydrate
– Anthranilic Acid
– N-Acetyl-Anthranilic Acid
– Ergometrine- Ergotinine
– Ethyl Ether
– Hydrochloric Acid
– Lysergic Acid
– Methyl Ethyl Ketone
– 3, 4-Methylenedioxy
– Phenyl-2- Propanone
– 1-Phenyl-2- Propanone
– Phenylacetic Acid
– potassium permanganate
Non-nutritive sweeteners, particularly saccharin and cylamates are not permitted in drug products.
- Bleaching agents e.g. Mercury and its compounds, hydroquinone are not permitted in cosmetic products.
- Lanoline and Boric acid are not permitted in baby products.
The Under listed are prohibited ingredients in Cosmetics
The under listed food products are prohibited from being imported into Nigeria either by ways of trade or otherwise
i) Meat (whether frozen or not)
ii) Chicken (whether frozen or not)
iii) Fish (whether frozen or not except those caught and landed by vessels licensed and authorized by the appropriate Nigerian Authority).
iv). Potassium Bromate as bread improver is not permitted.
v)Use of non-nutritive sweeteners particularly saccharin and cyclamate in food product.
LIST OF BANNED/RESTRICTED PESTICIDES IN NIGERIA
Dinoseb & DinosedSalts
HCF Mixed Isomer BHC
2,4,5 dichlorophenoxy Acetic acids
Dichlorodiphenyl trichloroethan (DPT)
Delta H.C.H (1,2,3,5,6-Hexachlorocyclohexane (organochlorine)
Camma.H.c.h (benzene Haxachloride or lindane)
LIST OF SOME BANNED, RESTRICTED OR CONTROLLED FOOD ADDITIVES
- Blue Asbestor (Crocidolite)
- White Abestor (Chrysolite)
- Potasium Bromate
- Nitrogen Trichloride
- Diethyl Pyrocarbon
- Monochloroacetic acid
- Cobalt Salts & its derivatives
- Oil of Calamus
- Cinnamyl anthranilate
- Calamus and its derivatives
- Dulcin (p-ethoxy-phenylurea)
- Ethylene glycol
- Nordihydro gualaretic acid (NDGA)
- Caffeine (colour)
- Acid fuchsine
- Alkanet (Alkane)
- Citrus Red No 2
- Ponceau Sx
- Ponceau 3R
- Ponceau 6R
- Red FB
- Red 6B
- Rose Bengal
- Scarlet GN
- Toney Red
- Calcium cabornate
- Carbon black
- Charcoal NF-XI
- Ferrous sulphate
- Cudbear logwood chips & extract
- Ferric chloride
- FD & C Green No 1
- FD & C Green No 2
- Red No 1
- Red No 4
- FD & C violet No 1
Drug Related Laws In Nigeria
There are various laws that regulate and control the manufacture, sale, and distribution of drugs in Nigeria.
Poisons and Pharmacy Act, Cap 366 of 1990: This Act regulates the compounding, sale,
distribution, supply and dispensing of drugs and provides different levels of control for different categories of drugs and poisons.
Food and Drugs Act Cap 150 of 1990: This Act prohibits the sale of certain foods, drugs
cosmetics and devices as treatment for certain diseases. The Act prohibits the importation, exportation, distribution and sale of specified drugs. It also prohibits practices such as misleading packaging, labeling, and advertising, as well as manufacturing food and drugs in unsanitary conditions. It conveys the power to appoint inspecting officers and food and drug analysts.
Counterfeit and Fake Drugs (miscellaneous provisions) Act, Cap 73 of 1990: This Act prohibits the production, importation, manufacture, sale and distribution of any counterfeit, adulterated banned or fake drugs. It also prohibits persons to sell any drug in an open market without permission from the proper authority.
Pharmacists Council of Nigeria, Decree 91 of 1992: It repealed the Pharmacists Act of 1964.This decree established the Pharmacists Council of Nigeria which is charged with the following responsibilities: (a) Determine the standard of knowledge and skill required of persons seeking to become registered members of the pharmacy profession, (b) Establish and maintain a register of persons qualified to practice as members of the Pharmacy profession, (c) Prepare and review the code of conduct, and (d)Regulate and control the practice of the Pharmacy profession. The Council has an investigating panel and disciplinary committee to discipline erring pharmacists as appropriate. See: Health Benefits of Zobo Drink