Zobo Drink is one of the many nutritional drinks found in West Africa, it derives its name from the Hausa name of its parent plant “Zoborodo” Habiscus Sabdariffa (Roselle). Although several recipes for zobo drink preparation exist the beverage is generally produced by steaming flower petals of the plant in hot water, additional flavorings and ginger are sometimes added to improve taste and nutritional content.There is widespread consumption of Zobo across Nigeria especially during festivities owing to perceived nutritional benefits. A study published in the American Journal of food technology noted the three varieties of Habiscus Sandarifa used in producing Zobo each had their own specific nutritional value . The Health benefits of Zobo consumption are;
Zobo Drink and Hypertension (Anti-Hypertensive Property)
High blood pressure is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease. You can have high blood pressure (hypertension) for years without any symptoms. Normal blood pressure is 120 over 80 mm of mercury (mmHg), but hypertension is higher than 130 over 80 mmHg. Acute causes of high blood pressure include stress, but it can happen on its own, or it can result from an underlying condition, such as kidney disease Zobo drink exert its anti-hypertensive effect as a result of its ability to reduce blood cholesterol level. This it does by reducing the amount of plaque which accumulate and narrow blood vessels leading to higher blood pressure and atherosclerosis. A study published in the Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice showed that zobo drink was a more effective antihypertensive agent than hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), a diuretic widely used as first‑line antihypertensive drug. The drink according to medical research did not cause electrolyte imbalance but showed longer duration of action compared to HCTZ and reduction in serum levels of sodium. Increased amount of sodium in your bloodstream wrecks the delicate balance in your body, reducing the ability of your kidneys to remove water. This results in higher blood pressure due to the extra fluid and extra strain on the delicate blood vessels leading to the kidneys.
Zobo Drink and Cancer (Anti-cancer Properties)
Cancer, also called malignancy, is an abnormal growth of cells. There are more than 100 types of cancer, including breast cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, and lymphoma. Symptoms vary depending on the type. Cancer is responsible for 72,000 deaths in Nigeria every year, with an estimated 102,000 new cases of cancer annually. Zobo is a very rich source of vitamin C a powerful anti-oxidant which plays a significant role in the growth and repair of all body tissues. It’ also plays a critical role in the absorption of iron, wound healing and immune system. According to a study published in the international journals of Biomedical science, zobo has a rich content of anthocyannins which has several therapeutic properties such as, hepatoprotective and anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer and chemoprotective properties. A new study also confirms that zobo drink help induce destruction of human prostate cancer cells in vitro and in vivo making it a useful agent for persons with prostate conditions
Zobo Drink and Diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin, or when the body cannot make good use of the insulin it produces.Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas, that acts like a key to let glucose from the food we eat pass from the blood stream into the cells in the body to produce energy. All carbohydrate foods are broken down into glucose in the blood. Insulin helps glucose get into the cells. Zobo drink can be very helpful in the management of diabetes especially in Africa where the leaves are in abundant supply. A comprehensive study conducted in the Department of Biochemistry of the Ahamadu Bello University and published in the African Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy on the beneficial effects of extracts of Zobo leaves (Hibiscus sabdariffa) in diabetic rats reported that, zobo extract significantly reduce the level of thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) and effected a considerable increase in the level of packed cell volume (PCV) when compared with diabetic control group. A related study concluded that drinks like zobo trigger low to moderate rise of blood sugar and should be the preferred choice for diabetic patients.
Zobo Drink and Kidney (Kidney Protecting Properties)
The kidneys perform two vital functions for the body: regulating body fluids and excreting toxic wastes. The National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse notes that when the kidneys are healthy, they filter and clean the blood and send waste out of the body through urine. Keeping the kidneys healthy involves various factors, including diet, exercise and managing medical conditions. The accumulation of the uric acid and oxalic acid in the kidney can lead to the formation of kidneys stones and its attendant health implications. A phytochemical, pharmacological and toxicological analysis of the plant showed that the consumption of zobo drink results in a significant decrease in the concentrations of creatinine, uric acid, citrate, tartrate, calcium, sodium, potassium and phosphate in the urine and improved kidney function. Uric acid has long been suspected as a potentially modifiable risk factor for Chronic kidney disease (CKD while elevated creatinine level signifies impaired kidney function or kidney disease.
Zobo drink and Weight loss
Weight loss, in the context of medicine, health, or physical fitness, refers to a reduction of the total body mass, due to a mean loss of fluid, body fat or adipose.Losing weight as part of weight management is important because weighing too much is not good for your health. Being overweight increases your risk of health conditions such as heart problems, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer. However, there is no conclusive evidence to show the usefulness of zobo drink in any program geared towards losing weight as evidenced by the results from various research conducted to evaluate the impact of the drink on weight loss. One specific research published in the International Journal of Biomedical Science actually reported that the drink can be useful in regaining loss weight. It is important to note that the quantity of sugar or other sweetening agents added to the drink can promote weight gain.
Questions on Advantages and disadvantages Zobo Drink
Why Zobo Is Not Safe For Pregnant Women ?
Pregnancy is one of the most vital and sensitive periods in a woman’s life. Therefore, it’s very important for pregnant women to eat a healthy diet.Expecting mothers have to pay close attention to what they eat and make sure to avoid harmful foods and beverages. Certain foods should only be consumed rarely, while others should be avoided completely. A study on the effect of zobo drink consumption on weight gain and postpartum weight loss during pregnancy showed a significant concentration dependent decrease in both pregnancy weight gain and postpartum weight loss.
Zobo Drink and Babies
Several studies have shown that the consumption of zobo during pregnancy or lactation is not safe. A study published in the African journal of alternative and complementary medicine concluded that the consumption of zobo drink during pregnancy increases the possibility of giving birth to babies with low birth weight (LBW). possibly through the gluconeogenic activities of the elevated serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) this is one of the major disadvantages of zobo drink.
Why Zobo Is Not Safe For Breast Feeding Mothers
Results from a study which evaluated the effect of zobo drink during breast feeding or lactation showed that, consumption of zobo during lactation decreased maternal food and fluid intake, delays the onset of puberty in the female offspring and increased postnatal weight gain.
Does zobo drink give blood?
This is one question that many have been asking, Zobo has been scientifically proven to help in the fight against anemia. It has been shown to increase blood packed cell volume or (PCV) which refers to the volume occupied by the red cells when a sample of anti-coagulated blood is centrifuged. PCV is very useful in the in the detection of the presence or absence of anemia or polycythemia it is also used in the estimation of mean cell volume and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration. A study published in the African Journal of Biochemistry reported that, zobo extract led to increases in blood glutathione (GSH), red blood cell counts (RBC), white blood cell counts (WBC), packed cell volume (PCV) and hemoglobin (Hb) and concluded that H. sabdariffa or Zobo protects the blood against 2, 4-DNPH lipoperoxidative and hemolytic effects. A similar study conducted by Department of Biochemistry of the Ahamadu Bello University and published in the African Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy reported that, zobo extract can significantly effect a considerable increase in the level of blood packed cell volume (PCV). Check out The Health Benefits Of Kunu Drink
What is the side effect of zobo drink?
Side effects of zobo drink are uncommon but might include
- Temporary stomach upset or pain, gas
- Painful urination
- Ringing in the ears or shakiness.
- Diabetes due to decrease blood sugar levels.
What is the English name of zobo drink?
The English name of zobo drink is Hibiscus drink. The word zobo is a Hausa language word for the plant Hibiscus sabdariffa used to make the drink .
Can zobo drink cause infertility?
Scientific data shows that zobo drink has little to no effect on a woman’s fertility. However, in some cases it can even lower your fertility. If you are trying to get pregnant it is best to avoid zobo
Is zobo drink good for hair growth?
Many Zobo drink recipes helps for hair growth, hair loss and hair regrowth. Hibiscus has been used for ages by traditional medical practitioners to treat their hair problems. Hibiscusis rich in amino acids, Vitamin A, Vitamin C and alpha Hydroxyl acids along with other nutrients which are extremely beneficial for your hair.
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