Mycoplasma genitalium also known as Mgen, is a sexually transmitted, small and pathogenic bacterium that lives on the ciliated epithelial cells of the urinary and genital tracts in humans. Mgen was only recently recognized as a sexually transmitted infection,after a study conducted by British Scientists uncovered its links to some sexual conditions. The bacteria which lives on the ciliated epithelial cells of the urinary and genital tracts in humans has been identified as co factor in the transmission of the Human Immuno Deficiency virus HIV the causative agent of AIDS.
Mgen is responsible for many conditions including cervicitis and pelvic inflammation in women and urethritis in both men and women. With a genome sequence of 0.58 Mbp and 475 genes, this organism was regarded as a cellular unit with the smallest genome size (in Mbp) until recently when an even smaller unit was discovered.
According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), Mycoplasma Genitalium is more common than gonorrhea in the United States. The disease also affects around 250,000 people aged 16-44 in the United Kingdom representing 1 percent of the population according to UK census data.
Signs and Symptoms of Mycoplasma genitalium Infection
Urethritis (inflammation of the urethra) with a mucopurulent discharge.
Painful or burning sensation while urinating sometimes accompanied with watery discharge.
Inflammation of the cervix
Bleeding during or after sex
Pelvic inflammatory Disease (|PID)
Endometritis and Salpingitis.