The term VD is an abbreviation which stands for Venereal Diseases, a group of diseases transmitted through sexual activity (Oral sex, vaginal sex and anal sex). The term venereal is derived from the Latin word venereus which relates to sexual intercourse or desire, linked with the Roman goddess Venus. Venereal Diseases are also known as sexually transmitted diseases or STDs.
KEY FACTS ON VD
According to the World Health Organization,
– More than 1 million VDs are acquired every day worldwide.
– Each year, there are an estimated 357 million new infections with 1 of 4 VDs : chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis and trichomoniasis.
– More than 500 million people are estimated to have genital infection with herpes simplex virus (HSV).
– More than 290 million women have a human papillomavirus (HPV) infection (1).
– The majority of VD Infection or VDI have no symptoms or only mild symptoms that may not be recognized as an VDI.
– VDs such as HSV type 2 and syphilis can increase the risk of HIV acquisition.
– Over 900 000 pregnant women were infected with syphilis resulting in approximately 350 000 adverse birth outcomes including stillbirth in 2012 (2).
– In some cases,VDI’s can have serious reproductive health consequences beyond the immediate impact of the infection itself (e.g., infertility or mother-to-child transmission)
– Drug resistance, especially for gonorrhoea, is a major threat to reducing the impact of VDIs worldwide.