Types of Medical Equipment

Medical device’ refers to any instrument, apparatus, implement, machine, appliance, implant, reagent for in vitro use, software, material or other similar or related article, intended by the manufacturer to be used, alone or in combination, for human beings, for one or more of the specific medical purpose(s) of:

  • diagnosis, prevention, monitoring, treatment or alleviation of disease,
  • diagnosis, monitoring, treatment, alleviation of or compensation for an injury,
  • investigation, replacement, modification, or support of the anatomy or of a physiological process,
  • supporting or sustaining life,
  • control of conception,
  • disinfection of medical devices
  • providing information by means of in vitro examination of specimens derived from the human body;

and does not achieve its primary intended action by pharmacological, immunological or metabolic means, in or on the human body, but which may be assisted in its intended function by such means.

The types of such equipments include:
o Diagnostic equipments like resonance imaging and x-ray machines.
o Therapeutic equipments like lasers.
o Life support equipments including ventilators.
o Medical monitors for ECG and blood pressure.

Technology plays a very important role in enhancing the world of equipments thus helps to develop the lifestyle of the patients. These equipments make prior identification of the diseases and prevent the serious ones.

Home medical equipments help provide medical care to the patients at home, by any non-professional care-giver. Some of the home medical equipments include: air purifier, cannula, Toshiba PVT-375BT, prosthesis, walkers and wheel-chair.

Patients must keep prescriptions from the doctor for home medical equipments. These equipments should be taken from the stores within immediate area.

The important supply companies of such equipments include very large organizations such as Walgreen’s and Invacare and smaller companies including medical device companies in China and Internet retailers also play important role in supplying equipments. But all necessary supply and transactions are based on the laws of the government.

Some basic functions while supplying equipments at home are:
o Proper set up of the equipment at home.
o Make the home environment suitable for the patient as well as for he better usage of the machine.
o Training the care giver to use the equipment properly.
o 24 hour contact with the suppliers to deal emergency.
o Helping in periodic maintenance.

All suppliers must comply with Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) to protect patients’ confidentiality and records. HIPAA regulates the availability and breadth of group health plans and certain individual health insurance policies. It helps in amending many acts in favor of the sick persons.

The tools and equipments at hospitals are termed as medical equipments. Many companies are involved in hospital equipment business. Examples of commonly used hospital equipments include malecot catheters, stomach tube, rubber sheets, rubber infant syringes, surgical rubber bulbs, ryles tube, lavine tubes, endotracheal tubes, douche tube, pipette bulb, etc.

 Mediclaim policies generally pay for the medical equipment used in the home to aid in a better quality of living. It is a benefit included in most insurance. It is almost similar to the home equipments with almost similar uses. Durable medical equipment (DME) is equipment that is usually used by seniors or those that have a medical condition, disability or physical limitation, is used daily, and is appropriate for use in the home. As a company selling home medical equipment, assisting those with difficulties to be independent is our goal. Magnifiers, electric scooters and rollers are some forms of durable equipments. Durable and quality rehabilitation home medical equipment is important for safety and independence

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Public Health Ng
Public Health Nigeria an Interdisciplinary public health movement focused on health education, advancing fair public health policies, promoting fitness, healthy diets, responsible behavior, community health and general well-being.

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