notifiable diseases

What is a Notifiable Disease?

notifiable disease refers to any disease that is required by law to be reported to government authorities  . The collation of information on these diseases allows the health authorities to monitor the disease, and provides early warning  which is vital for the prevention of possible outbreaks.

How Should Notifiable Diseases Be Reported To Public Health Authorities?

Each country or state has specific protocols and or guidelines that identify specific diseases with public health implications, such as communicable diseases, which require mandatory reporting. If you are uncertain whether reporting is required or not it is often advised that you contact the local public health authority for clarifications and further guidance. Beyond this statutory or legal requirement lies the ethical question of when it is justified to potentially break the code of confidentiality to protect the public’s interest or health.

It is ethically justified and morally correct to disclose a diagnosis to public health authorities if the potential risk to the general public has the following characteristics:

  • The magnitude of risk is serious.
  • The probability of risk is high.
  • The risk relates to an identifiable individual or group

What Diseases are Included in the Mandatory CDC Reportable Diseases?

CDC Notifiable Diseases in USA

Complete List of CDC National Notifiable Conditions

  1. Anthrax
  2. Arboviral diseases, neuroinvasive and non-neuroinvasive
  3. California serogroup virus diseases
  4. Chikungunya virus disease
  5. Eastern equine encephalitis virus disease
  6. Powassan virus disease
  7. St. Louis encephalitis virus disease
  8. West Nile virus disease
  9. Western equine encephalitis virus disease
  10. Babesiosis
  11. Botulism
  12. Botulism, foodborne
  13. Botulism, infant
  14. Botulism, wound
  15. Botulism, other
  16. Brucellosis
  17. Campylobacteriosis
  18. Cancer
  19. Carbon monoxide poisoning
  20. Chancroid
  21. Chlamydia trachomatis infection
  22. Cholera
  23. Coccidioidomycosis
  24. Congenital syphilis
  25. Syphilitic stillbirth
  26. Cryptosporidiosis
  27. Cyclosporiasis
  28. Dengue virus infections
  29. Dengue
  30. Dengue-like illness
  31. Severe dengue
  32. Diphtheria
  33. Ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis
  34. Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection
  35. Ehrlichia chaffeensis infection
  36. Ehrlichia ewingii infection
  37. Undetermined human ehrlichiosis/anaplasmosis
  38. Foodborne Disease Outbreak
  39. Giardiasis
  40. Gonorrhea
  41. Haemophilus influenzae, invasive disease
  42. Hansen’s disease
  43. Hantavirus infection, non-Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
  44. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
  45. Hemolytic uremic syndrome, post-diarrheal
  46. Hepatitis A, acute
  47. Hepatitis B, acute
  48. Hepatitis B, chronic
  49. Hepatitis B, perinatal infection
  50. Hepatitis C, acute
  51. Hepatitis C, chronic
  52. HIV infection (AIDS has been reclassified as HIV Stage III)
  53. Influenza-associated pediatric mortality
  54. Invasive pneumococcal disease
  55. Lead, elevated blood levels
  56. Lead, elevated blood levels, children (<16 Years)
  57. Lead, elevated blood levels, adult (≥16 Years)
  58. Legionellosis
  59. Leptospirosis
  60. Listeriosis
  61. Lyme disease
  62. Malaria
  63. Measles
  64. Meningococcal disease
  65. Mumps
  66. Novel influenza A virus infections
  67. Pertussis
  68. Pesticide-related illness and injury, acute
  69. Plague
  70. Poliomyelitis, paralytic
  71. Poliovirus infection, nonparalytic
  72. Psittacosis
  73. Q fever
  74. Q fever, acute
  75. Q fever, chronic
  76. Rabies, animal
  77. Rabies, human
  78. Rubella
  79. Rubella, congenital syndrome
  80. Salmonellosis
  81. Severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus disease
  82. Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli
  83. Shigellosis
  84. Silicosis
  85. Smallpox
  86. Spotted fever rickettsiosis
  87. Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome
  88. Syphilis
  89. Syphilis, primary
  90. Syphilis, secondary
  91. Syphilis, early latent
  92. Syphilis, late latent
  93. Syphilis, late with clinical manifestations (including late benign syphilis and cardiovascular syphilis)
  94. Tetanus
  95. Toxic shock syndrome (other than streptococcal)
  96. Trichinellosis
  97. Tuberculosis
  98. Tularemia
  99. Typhoid fever
  100. Vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus and Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  101. Varicella
  102. Varicella deaths
  103. Vibriosis
  104. Viral hemorrhagic fever
  105. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus
  106. Ebola virus
  107. Lassa virus
  108. Lujo virus
  109. Marburg virus
  110. New World arenavirus – Guanarito virus
  111. New World arenavirus – Junin virus
  112. New World arenavirus – Machupo virus
  113. New World arenavirus – Sabia virus
  114. Waterborne Disease Outbreak
  115. Yellow fever
  116. Zika virus disease and Zika virus infection
  117. Zika virus disease, congenital
  118. Zika virus disease, non-congenital
  119. Zika virus infection, congenital
  120. Zika virus infection, non-congenital

Complete List Of Notifiable Diseases in Canada

Complete List Of Notifiable Diseases in Canada

IDS 1986 – present
Anthrax 1930 – 1982, 2002 – present
Botulism 1933 – present
Brucellosis 1928 – present Originally called ‘undulant fever’
Campylobacteriosis 1986 – present
Chickenpox (Varicella) 1924 – 1958, 1986 – present
Chlamydia 1991 – present See ‘sexually transmitted infections’ in the listing of links
Cholera 1930 – present Asiatic’ cholera specified between 1930 and 1958
Clostridium difficile Associated Diarrhea (CDI) 2009 – pr
Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS) 1979 – present
Congenital Syphilis 1993 – present See ‘sexually transmitted infections’ in the listing of links
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) 2000 – present Not presented on the application
Cryptosporidiosis 2000 – present
Cyclosporiasis 2000 – present
Diphtheria 1924 – present
Giardiasis 1983 – present
Gonorrhea 1924 – present See ‘sexually transmitted infections’ in the listing of links
Group B Streptococcal Disease of the Newborn (GBS) 2000 – present
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome 2000 – present
Hepatitis A 1927 – 1958, 1969 – present Originally named ‘infectious jaundice’. Between 1959 and 1968, hepatitis was reported as a combined category, and since the type of hepatitis cannot be determined, these data are not reported.
Hepatitis B 1969 – present Originally named ‘serum hepatitis’. Reporting does not differentiate between acute and chronic cases
Hepatitis C 1991 – present Hepatitis C cases would have been captured in the earlier categories of Hepatitis non-A, non-B, and Hepatitis, unspecified by type
HIV Infection 2000 – present
Influenza, Epidemic 1924 – 1958
Influenza, Laboratory Confirmed 2000 – present
Invasive Group A Streptococcal Disease 2000 – present
Invasive Haemophilus influenzae, non-b Disease 2007 – present
Invasive Haemophilus influenzae, type b Disease 1986 – present Invasive Haemophilus influenzae disease was collected from 1979 onward, but with no type specified
Invasive Meningococcal Disease 1924 – present
Invasive Pneumococcal Disease 2000 – present Replaced pneumococcal meningitis. Invasive pneumococcal disease is a more general category that would include pneumococcal meningitis, but would also include other invasive pneumococcal infections.
Legionellosis 1986 – present
Leprosy 1925 – present
Listeriosis 1990 – 1999, 2007 – present All forms of listeriosis were notifiable from1999-2000. Starting in 2007, only invasive forms required notification
Lyme Disease 2009 – present
Malaria 1929 – 1978, 1983 – present
Measles 1924 – 1958, 1969 – present
Mumps 1924 – 1958, 1986 – present
Norovirus Infection 2007 – present Only outbreaks are to be notified
Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning 2007 – present
Paratyphoid 1924 – present Paratyphoid was reported in a separate category between 1924 and 1952 then from 1953 to 1968 combined with typhoid, once again reported separately from 1969 to 1999, then combined with salmonellosis in 2000.
Pertussis 1924 – present Also known as whooping cough
Plague 1930 – present
Poliomyelitis 1924 – present Non-paralytic poliomyelitis was presented in the viral meningitis category starting in 1962
Rabies 1927 – present
Rubella 1924 – 1958, 1969 – present Also referred to as German measles
Salmonellosis 1959 – present Paratyphoid was included with salmonellosis beginning  in 2000
SARS 2004 – present Though SARS was added to the list in 2004
Shigellosis 1924 – present Originally named ‘bacillary dysentery’
Smallpox 1924 – 1981, 2002 – present Although Smallpox was eradicated globally in 1980. It was returned to the list of notifiable diseases in 2000 as a potential bioterrorism agent
Syphilis 1924 – present
Tetanus 1957 – present
Tuberculosis 1924 – present
Tularemia 1930 – 1982, 2002 – present
Typhoid 1924 – 1952, 1969 – present Between 1953 and 1968, was presented as a combined category of ‘typhoid and paratyphoid’
Verotoxigenic Escherichia coli Infection 1991 – present
Viral Hemorrhagic Fever 1979 – 1982, 2002 – present
West Nile Virus Infection (WNV) 2003 – present
Yellow Fever 1930 – present

 

Issues in Medicare and Public Health Ethics

Complete List Of Notifiable Diseases in Nigeria

Complete List Of Notifiable Diseases in Nigeria

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