Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood. It is usually first diagnosed in childhood and often lasts into adulthood. Children with ADHD may have trouble paying attention, controlling impulsive behaviors (may act without thinking about what the result will be), or be overly active.
The worldwide prevalence of adult ADHD is estimated at 2.8 percent, according to a 2016 study. Prevalence estimates for adult ADHD in the U.S. vary. One 2019 study estimates an adult ADHD prevalence of 0.96 percent – doubling from 0.43 percent a decade prior.
What is K 102 Pill?
The yellow, round pill with the imprint K 102 has been identified as Methylphenidate Hydrochloride 20 mg supplied by KVK-Tech, Inc.. Methylphenidate is in a class of medications called central nervous system (CNS) stimulants. It works by changing the amounts of certain natural substances in the brain.
Methylphenidate is used as part of a treatment program to control symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; more difficulty focusing, controlling actions, and remaining still or quiet than other people who are the same age) in adults and children. Methylphenidate (Methylin) is also used to treat narcolepsy (a sleep disorder that causes excessive daytime sleepiness and sudden attacks of sleep).
How to use K 102 yellow pill
Read the Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist before you start taking yellow K 102 pill and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor, usually 2 or 3 times a day. This medication is best taken 30 to 45 minutes before a meal. However, if you have stomach upset, you may take this medication with or after a meal or snack. Taking this medication late in the day may cause trouble sleeping (insomnia).
Take this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same times each day.
The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Your doctor may direct you to gradually increase or decrease your dose. Also, if you have used it for a long time, do not suddenly stop using this drug without consulting your doctor.
If you suddenly stop using this medication, you may have withdrawal symptoms (such as depression, suicidal thoughts, or other mental/mood changes). To help prevent withdrawal, your doctor may lower your dose slowly. Withdrawal is more likely if you have used methylphenidate for a long time or in high doses. Tell your doctor or pharmacist right away if you have withdrawal.
When used for a long time, this medication may not work as well. Talk with your doctor if this medication stops working well.
Though it helps many people, this medication may sometimes cause addiction. This risk may be higher if you have a substance use disorder (such as overuse of or addiction to drugs/alcohol). Take this medication exactly as prescribed to lower the risk of addiction. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details. Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it worsens.
Can K 102 pill get you high?
Some people misuse K 102 pill to get high. People who misuse it might crush it into a powder. They snort it, or dissolve and inject it. College or university students might misuse K 102 pill because they think it will help them focus better on their studies by making it easier to pay attention and stay alert.
What does K 102 pill do to the body when abused?
Some people who misuse K 102 pill might feel high or excited, even when only low doses are taken. Others feel more excited when a high dose is taken. When misused, the drug can make people feel more alert or sleepier. Often they’re more awake right after they take it, but then they get very tired.
What are the side effects of K 102 pill?
The more common side effects that can occur with methylphenidate include:
- decreased appetite
- upset stomach
- trouble sleeping
If these effects are mild, they may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. If they’re more severe or don’t go away, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
Serious side effects
Call your doctor right away if you have serious side effects. Call 911 if your symptoms feel life-threatening or if you think you’re having a medical emergency. Serious side effects and their symptoms can include the following:
- Heart problems. Symptoms can include:
o pain in your chest, left arm, jaw, or between your shoulders
o increased blood pressure
o increased heart rate
o shortness of breath
- Stroke. Symptoms can include:
o weakness in one part or side of your body
o slurred speech
- Abnormal liver function that may be mild or lead to severe liver damage
- Mental health problems. Symptoms can include:
o symptoms of mania, such as racing thoughts, feelings of power, and excessive energy
o aggression or hostility
o hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that aren’t real)
o paranoia (feeling suspicious)
o feeling overexcited
- Slowed growth (height and weight) in children
- Changes in eyesight or blurred vision
- Circulation problems. Symptoms in your fingers or toes can include:
o feeling cool (sensitive to temperature)
o changes in skin color from pale to blue to red
o new, unexplained wounds
- Priapism (painful and prolonged erections)
Methylphenidate may interact with other medications
Methylphenidate oral tablet can interact with other medications, vitamins, or herbs you may be taking. An interaction is when a substance changes the way a drug works. This can be harmful or prevent the drug from working well.
To help avoid interactions, your doctor should manage all of your medications carefully. Be sure to tell your doctor about all medications, vitamins, or herbs you’re taking. To find out how this drug might interact with something else you’re taking, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
Examples of drugs that can cause interactions with methylphenidate are listed below.
Acid reflux drugs
Taking these drugs with methylphenidate may increase the level of methylphenidate in your body and lead to more side effects. These medications may also affect the way long-acting forms of methylphenidate work. Examples of these drugs include:
- H2 blockers
- proton pump inhibitors.
Taking these drugs with methylphenidate may increase your risk of serotonin syndrome, which can be fatal. If you take any of these drugs, your doctor will start you on a lowered dosage of methylphenidate and monitor you for signs of serotonin syndrome. Symptoms can include agitation, sweating, muscle twitches, and confusion.
Examples of these drugs include:
- selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as fluoxetine and sertraline
- serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) such as duloxetine and venlafaxine
- tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) such as amitriptyline and clomipramine
- monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) such as selegiline and phenelzine
- the opioids fentanyl and tramadol
- the anxiolytic buspirone
- St. John’s wort.
Methylphenidate cannot be used during treatment with MAOIs. You can’t take it within 14 days of stopping treatment with an MAOI. Using these medications together can lead to a dangerous increase in your blood pressure.
Blood pressure drugs
Taking these drugs with methylphenidate may reduce the intended effects of these medications. This means that they will be less effective. Examples of these drugs include:
- angiotensin II receptor blockers such as losartan, valsartan, and irbesartan
- angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors such as enalapril and lisinopril
- diuretics (water pills) such as hydrochlorothiazide and furosemide
Using these drugs with methylphenidate may increase your risk of side effects from both the antipsychotics and from methylphenidate. Examples of these antipsychotics include:
Using these drugs with methylphenidate may increase the amount of the seizure drug in your body. This can lead to more side effects from the seizure drug. Examples of these drugs include:
Using warfarin, a blood thinner, with methylphenidate may increase the effect of warfarin in your body. This can raise your risk of bleeding.
This drug comes with several warnings.
Methylphenidate can cause a severe allergic reaction. Symptoms can include:
- trouble breathing
- swelling of your throat or tongue
- hives (itchy welts).
If you develop these symptoms, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room.
Don’t take this drug again if you’ve ever had an allergic reaction to it. Taking it again could be fatal (cause death).
Alcohol interaction warning
Alcohol may increase the effects of methylphenidate. You should not use alcohol while taking this drug.
Alcohol may cause this drug to be released in your body more quickly. This can cause more side effects and lower the effect of the medication.
Warnings for people with certain health conditions
For people with heart problems: Methylphenidate may increase the risk of sudden death, stroke, and heart attack. If you have a heart condition, a history of heart attack, high blood pressure, or an abnormal heart rate, ask your doctor if this drug is safe for you.
For people with psychiatric disorders: Methylphenidate may make the symptoms of your condition worse. It can also cause new psychotic symptoms, especially in children and adolescents. You may need to stop taking this drug if this happens.
For people with circulation problems: This drug can worsen circulation problems in your fingers and toes.
For people with seizures: If you or your child has a history of seizures, don’t take methylphenidate. It may increase your risk of having a seizure.
For people with glaucoma: Methylphenidate may worsen your vision.
For people with growth issues: Methylphenidate has been shown to slow growth in children. Your child’s doctor will monitor your child’s height and weight while they take this drug. If your child is not gaining height or weight, methylphenidate may need to be stopped.
For people with digestive tract problems: Don’t use the brand-name drug Concerta if you have a blockage in your esophagus, stomach, or small or large intestine. Concerta can make this problem worse.
Warnings for other groups
For pregnant women: Methylphenidate is a category C pregnancy drug. That means two things:
- Research in animals has shown adverse effects to the fetus when the mother takes the drug.
- There haven’t been enough studies done in humans to be certain how the drug might affect a fetus.
Tell your doctor if you’re pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Methylphenidate should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk.
If you become pregnant while taking this drug, call your doctor right away.
For women who are breastfeeding: It’s not known if methylphenidate passes through breast milk. You and your doctor may need to decide if you’ll take methylphenidate or breastfeed.
For seniors: This drug hasn’t been established as safe and effective for use in people over 65 years of age.
For children: This drug hasn’t been established as safe and effective for use in children under 6 years old.
Children should have their growth monitored by their doctor while they’re taking methylphenidate.