The Journal of Periodontology. Halitosis, gingivitis, periodontal disease or inflammation of the gum, dental caries , toothpaste , tooth brush, oral hygiene, bad breath, buccal cavity, colgate, close up, macleans, dabur



Oral hygiene is an important component of health. Because of the important role the mouth plays in the digestion process.  The mouth is home to millions of microorganism most of which constitute the normal flora of the buccal cavity. A good oral hygiene is essential for healthy gums, and teeth as well as the prevention of bad breath (Halitosis), gum infection and tooth decay.One of the major issues in oral hygiene is periodontal abscess which refers to the localized collection of abscess or pus within the tissues of the periodontium. Poor oral hygiene is not only detrimental to good selfies, they are also bad for overall health and well-being. Results from several studies have also established that a poor oral hygiene can increase the risk of some serious medical conditions which include;

  1. Cancer

Poor oral hygiene can lead to some forms of cancer. According to research, men who suffer from gum disease are 50% more likely to be diagnosed with cancer of the kidney or pancreas and 30% more likely to be diagnosed with cancer of the blood.

  1. Diabetic complications

Periodontal disease and Inflammation of the gums caused by poor oral hygiene practices can complicate the control of blood sugar and make diabetes symptoms worse.

  1. Respiratory tract infections

According to The Journal of Periodontology infections of the gum could lead pneumonia and other diseases of the lung.

  1. Cardiovascular disease

When bacteria enter the bloodstream as a result of the periodontal disease or inflammation of the gum, some travel through the blood vessels to the arteries which results in the hardening of the arteries leading to atherosclerosis. This condition narrows the arteries and increase the risk of heart attack or stroke.

  1. Dementia (Alzheimer’s disease)

Gingivitis occasioned by poor or improper oral hygiene can cause bacteria to enter the brain either through the nerve channels in the brain or via the bloodstream.


Signs & Symptoms of Gum infection

  • Swollen, red, tender or bleeding gums( note: it could be painless sometimes)
  • A Receding Gum (moving away from the tooth)
  • Persistent bad breath
  •  Persistent bad taste in mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Visible pus or discoloration around  the teeth and gums


Foods to Avoid/Moderate

1.      Sugary food:  They help build plaque. Examples: candies, sweets and chocolates

2.      Highly Acidic Foods: They erode teeth enamel, leading to cavities and tooth decay, Examples: lemons, alcohol and coffee

3.      Processed food & high energy food: They provide readily available glucose for bad bacteria to commence production of acid in the mouth. Examples:  energy drinks

Other tips for healthy teeth and gums

  • Floss –Floss at least once a day.
  • Get regular dental cleanings- Your dentist can detect early gum disease symptoms if you see them on a regular basis.
  • Quit smoking- If you smoke you might be doing your teeth and gums more harm than good
  • Brush twice a day- Brush your teeth at least twice a day don’t forget your tongue while doing so
  • Use fluoride toothpaste atherapeutic mouthwash or the 3 commonly used chewing sticks in Nigeria:  Pako Ijebu (Massularia acuminata), Orin Ayan (Distemonanthus benthamianus)  and Dogonyaro (Azadirachta indica)  which have all been reported to have beneficial effect on gingival health and oral hygiene


Public Health Ng
Public Health Nigeria an Interdisciplinary public health movement focused on health education, advancing fair public health policies, promoting fitness, healthy diets, responsible behavior, community health and general well-being.

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